Legal AI Systems in the EU’s proposed Artificial Intelligence Act
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on AI and Intelligent Assistance for Legal Professionals in the Digital Workplace (LegalAIIA 2021), held in conjunction with ICAIL 2021, June 21, 2021, Sao Paulo, Brazil
8 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2021
Date Written: June 21, 2021
In this paper we examine how human-machine interaction in the legal sector is suggested to be regulated in the EU’s recently proposed Artificial Intelligence Act. First, we provide a brief background and overview of the proposal. Then we turn towards the assessment of high-risk AI systems for the legal tasks as well as the obligations for such AI systems in terms of human-machine interaction. We argue that whereas the proposed definition of AI system is broad, the concrete high-risk area of ‘administration of justice and democratic processes’, despite coming with considerable legal uncertainty, is narrow and unlikely to extent into many uses of legal AI and IA systems. Nonetheless, these regulatory developments may be of great relevance for current and future legal AI and IA systems.
Keywords: European Union, Artificial Intelligence Act, AI regulation, high-risk AI systems, legal sector, intelligent assistance, human oversight, data governance
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation