Long-Term Effects of the Inca Road

29 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2021

See all articles by Ana Paula Franco

Ana Paula Franco

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Pablo Lavado

Universidad del Pacifico

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 7, 2021

Abstract

The Inca Empire was the last of a long series of highly developed cultures in pre-colonial South America. It stretched across parts of the current territories of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and the whole of Peru. The Inca Road was its 30,000-kilometer-long transportation system. The aim of this study is to identify its long-term impact on current development in Peru. Our results show that the long-run effect of the Inca Road includes increases in wages and educational attainment, a reduction of child malnutrition and an increase in children’s mathematics test scores. We also find that these effects are around 20% greater for women and explore the mechanisms that may account for this pattern.

Keywords: Infrastructure, Organizations, Inca Road, regression discontinuity design, labor supply, health, education, gender roles.

JEL Classification: H41, I15, I31, J21, J24, L91, N36, N76, N86, N96, R23, R40.

Suggested Citation

Franco, Ana Paula and Galiani, Sebastian and Lavado, Pablo, Long-Term Effects of the Inca Road (June 7, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3871970 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3871970

Ana Paula Franco

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

500 S. State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Pablo Lavado (Contact Author)

Universidad del Pacifico ( email )

Av. Salaverry 2020
Región Metropolitana
Lima 18, Lima 11
Peru

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