Loyalty Rebates under EU Competition and US Antitrust Law
Pınar Akman, Or Brook and Konstantinos Stylianou (eds), Research Handbook on Abuse of Dominance and Monopolization, Forthcoming
29 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2021
Date Written: June 24, 2021
The present chapter investigates the antitrust rules applicable to loyalty or fidelity rebate schemes under EU competition and US antitrust law. It finds that antitrust liability for a dominant company will more readily be established in the EU, where the applicability of economics-based tests is still being navigated. In the US, rebates by a monopoly player will usually be found to be anti-competitive where they constitute predatory pricing, although they might also run into antitrust liability where they constitute exclusive dealing arrangements. This divergence can be explained by the different ideological underpinnings in the two jurisdictions. Overall, however, the (case) law on loyalty rebates is still in a state of flux in both jurisdictions. In recent years, both jurisdictions have gradually moved to a little more convergence in their treatment of exclusivity rebates. At this point, however, both the US Supreme Court and the European Court of Justice will need to weigh in on the future of the antitrust assessment of loyalty-inducing rebates.
Keywords: Discounts, Discriminatory Practices, Exclusionary Practices, Exclusive Dealing, Fidelity Rebates, Loyalty Rebates, Rebate Schemes
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation