One-Year In: COVID-19 Research at the International Level in CORD-19 Data

45 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2021 Last revised: 13 Dec 2021

See all articles by Caroline S. Wagner

Caroline S. Wagner

Ohio State University (OSU)

Xiaojing Cai

Zhejiang University

Yi Zhang

University of Technology Sydney

Caroline V. Fry

University of Hawaii at Manoa - UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII - Shidler College of Business; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Date Written: December 2, 2021

Abstract

The appearance of a novel coronavirus in late 2019 radically changed the community of researchers working on coronaviruses since the 2002 SARS epidemic. In 2020, coronavirus-related publications grew by 20 times over the previous two years, with 130,000 more researchers publishing on related topics. The United States, the United Kingdom and China led dozens of nations working on coronavirus prior to the pandemic, but leadership consolidated among these three nations in 2020, which collectively accounted for 50% of all papers, garnering well more than 60% of citations. China took an early lead on COVID-19, but dropped rapidly in production and participation through the year. Europe showed an opposite pattern, beginning slowly but growing in contributions during the year. The rate of internationally collaborative publications dropped overall; single-authored publications grew. For all nations, including China, the number of publications about COVID track closely with the outbreak of COVID-19 cases. Lower-income nations participate very little in COVID-19 research in 2020. Topic maps of internationally collaborative work show the rise of patient care and public health clusters—two topics that were largely absent from coronavirus research in the two years prior to 2020.

Keywords: Keywords: COVID-19, international collaboration, science, global, China, R&D

Suggested Citation

Wagner, Caroline S. and Cai, Xiaojing and Zhang, Yi and Fry, Caroline V., One-Year In: COVID-19 Research at the International Level in CORD-19 Data (December 2, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3874974 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3874974

Caroline S. Wagner (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://glenn.osu.edu

Xiaojing Cai

Zhejiang University ( email )

Yuhangtang 866
Hangzhou, OH Zhejiang 310058
China

Yi Zhang

University of Technology Sydney ( email )

15 Broadway, Ultimo
PO Box 123
Sydney, NSW 2007
Australia
2007 (Fax)

Caroline V. Fry

University of Hawaii at Manoa - UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII - Shidler College of Business ( email )

2404 Maile Way
Honolulu, HI 96822
United States

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

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