24 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2021 Last revised: 22 Feb 2022
Date Written: 2022
Professor Kreis critiques Bostock v. Clayton County for its neglect to expressly embrace an anti-stereotyping principle, which would have more fully revealed the interconnected relationship between discrimination against women and LGBTQ people. He is concerned that the formalistic focus on sex as a textual matter obscured the historical regulation of gender roles meant to oppress both women and sexual minorities. Professor Kreis argues that courts should revisit this more closely in the constitutional law space and analyze LGBTQ-related constitutional claims as sex discrimination.
Keywords: Sex discrimination, constitutional law, gender, statutory interpretation, employment discrimination
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