AI-Driven Migration Management Procedures: Fundamental Rights Issues and Regulatory Answers

BioLaw Journal, 2 (2021), 433-451

19 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2021

See all articles by Mirko Forti

Mirko Forti

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - School of Law

Date Written: 2021

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence can represent a valuable resource in managing migration flows. AI algorithms can perform several tasks including border controls, identity checks and predictive policing procedures. However, the utilization of such tools in the migration context raises several issues which must be analyzed and discussed in their implications. The presence of bias in datasets can lead to outcomes detrimental to the already vulnerable conditions of migrants. Furthermore, the inherent opaqueness of AI algorithms working routine does not allow the formulation of a clear accountability framework. This article aims to address these concerns to formulate valid answers from a legal and technological perspective, mainly focusing on the European Union approach to these issues.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, borders, migration, surveillance

Suggested Citation

Forti, Mirko, AI-Driven Migration Management Procedures: Fundamental Rights Issues and Regulatory Answers (2021). BioLaw Journal, 2 (2021), 433-451, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3877083

Mirko Forti (Contact Author)

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - School of Law ( email )

Biblioteca Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Piazza Martiri della Liberta, n. 33
Pisa
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.santannapisa.it/en/mirko-forti

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