Brief of Professors and Historians as Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Yellen v. Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, No. 20-543, 2021 WL 2599432 (U.S. June 25, 2021)

47 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2021 Last revised: 25 Aug 2021

See all articles by Colette Routel

Colette Routel

Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Maggie Blackhawk

University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Michael C. Blumm

Lewis & Clark Law School

Kirsten Matoy Carlson

Wayne State University Law School

Sarah Deer

University of Kansas

Angelique EagleWoman

Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Jacqueline P. Hand

University of Detroit Mercy - School of Law

John P. LaVelle

University of New Mexico - School of Law

Michael D. Oeser

Southern University Law Center

Richard Pomp

University of Connecticut - School of Law; Independent

Kekek Stark

Alexander Blewitt III School of Law

Michalyn Steele

Brigham Young University- J. Reuben Clark Law School

Elizabeth Ann Kronk Warner

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law

Jack F. Williams

Georgia State Law School/Middle East Studies Center

Marcia Anne Zug

University of South Carolina School of Law

Date Written: March 31, 2021

Abstract

The US Treasury Secretary sought to disburse a portion of CARES Act funds reserved for “Tribal Governments” to Alaska Native Corporations. Respondents, several federally recognized Indian tribes, sued to enjoin the disbursement.

Under the Cares Act, a Tribal Government is defined as the recognized governing body of an Indian Tribe. To define “Indian Tribe,” The CARES Act references the ISDEAA, which requires federal recognition of eligibility for special programs and services to be considered an “Indian tribe” under the ISDEAA. As Respondents rightly argue, because Alaska Native Corporations have never been recognized as such, Alaska Native Corporations are not Indian tribes under the ISDEAA and are therefore not tribal governments under the CARES act.

Amici curiae are law professors who teach and write in the area of federal Indian law and Native American legal history. In support of Respondents, the amici explain the history of the federal government’s practice of “recognizing” Indian tribes generally, as well as the specific history of recognition of Alaska Native tribes.

Keywords: Tribal Governments, Amicus Brief, Indian Law, Native American, Legal History, CARES Act, ISDEAA, U.S. Supreme Court

Suggested Citation

Routel, Colette and Blackhawk, Maggie and Blumm, Michael C. and Carlson, Kirsten Matoy and Deer, Sarah and EagleWoman, Angelique and Hand, Jacqueline P. and LaVelle, John P. and Oeser, Michael Dean and Pomp, Richard and Stark, Kekek and Steele, Michalyn and Kronk Warner, Elizabeth Ann and Williams, Jack Frederick and Yablon-Zug, Marcia Anne, Brief of Professors and Historians as Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Yellen v. Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, No. 20-543, 2021 WL 2599432 (U.S. June 25, 2021) (March 31, 2021). Wayne State University Law School Research Paper No. 2021-86 , University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 456, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3878393 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3878393

Colette Routel (Contact Author)

Mitchell Hamline School of Law ( email )

875 Summit Ave
St. Paul, MN 55105-3076
United States

Maggie Blackhawk

University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School ( email )

3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.upenn.edu/cf/faculty/mmckinle/

Michael C. Blumm

Lewis & Clark Law School ( email )

10015 S.W. Terwilliger Blvd.
Portland, OR 97219
United States
503-768-6824 (Phone)
503-768-6701 (Fax)

Kirsten Matoy Carlson

Wayne State University Law School ( email )

471 Palmer
Detroit, MI 48202
United States

Sarah Deer

University of Kansas ( email )

Blake Hall
1541 Lilac Lane, Room 322
Lawrence, KS 66045
United States
785-864-9713 (Phone)

Angelique EagleWoman

Mitchell Hamline School of Law ( email )

875 Summit Ave
St. Paul, MN 55105-3076
United States

Jacqueline P. Hand

University of Detroit Mercy - School of Law ( email )

651 East Jefferson Avenue
Detroit, MI 48226
United States

John P. LaVelle

University of New Mexico - School of Law ( email )

1117 Stanford, N.E.
Albuquerque, NM 87131
United States

Michael Dean Oeser

Southern University Law Center ( email )

Roosevelt Steptoe Dr
Baton Rouge, LA 70813
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.sulc.edu/page/michael-d-oeser

Richard Pomp

University of Connecticut - School of Law ( email )

65 Elizabeth Street
Hartford, CT 06105
United States
860-570-5251 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.uconn.edu/faculty/rpomp/

Independent ( email )

860-983-8341 (Phone)

Kekek Stark

Alexander Blewitt III School of Law ( email )

Missoula, MT
United States
4062434315 (Phone)
59812 (Fax)

Michalyn Steele

Brigham Young University- J. Reuben Clark Law School ( email )

544 JRCB
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602
United States

Elizabeth Ann Kronk Warner

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )

383 S. University Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0730
United States

Jack Frederick Williams

Georgia State Law School/Middle East Studies Center ( email )

85 Park Place, NE, Suite 324
P.O. Box 4037
Atlanta, GA 30302-4037
United States
404.413.9149 (Phone)
404.413.9225 (Fax)

Marcia Anne Yablon-Zug

University of South Carolina School of Law ( email )

1525 Senate Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

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