COVID-19 Vaccine Efficacy and Russian Public Support for Anti-Pandemic Measures

27 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2021 Last revised: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Ekaterina Borisova

Ekaterina Borisova

University of Lille

Denis Ivanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Date Written: July 5, 2021

Abstract

In this study, we use random assignment of vignettes that feature optimistic and pessimistic scenarios with respect to vaccine safety and efficacy on a sample of roughly 1,600 Russians in order to gauge public support for anti-pandemic measures under various scenarios. Negative information on vaccine safety and efficacy reduces support for the anti-pandemic measures among individuals who fear Covid-19 and were initially supportive of government restrictions. These individuals tend to be old, and therefore vulnerable to Covid-19, and politically active. This loss of support is strongest for economically costly measures such as banning of large gatherings and the shuttering of non-essential businesses. Mask-wearing, which involves only minor costs, finds broad acceptance. We interpret the reactions in light of adaptation, fatigue over Covid-19 restrictions, and fatalism. The political consequences of non-pharmaceutical measures to deal with a pandemic include loss of public support over time, erosion of trust in government, and political backlash.

JEL Classification: I12, I18, C93

Suggested Citation

Borisova, Ekaterina and Ivanov, Denis, COVID-19 Vaccine Efficacy and Russian Public Support for Anti-Pandemic Measures (July 5, 2021). BOFIT Discussion Paper No. 09/2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3880887 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3880887

Ekaterina Borisova (Contact Author)

University of Lille ( email )

Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve-d'Ascq, 59650
France

Denis Ivanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

136, Rodionova street
25/12, Bolshaya pecherskaya street
Nizhniy Novgorod, Moscow 603155
Russia

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