The Publicness of Publicly Funded Research (Accepted for Publication: Science and Public Policy Journal)
19 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2021 Last revised: 20 Oct 2021
Date Written: July 8, 2021
In this paper, we chronicle key U.S. legislative initiatives during the post-World War II history of public policy related to the ownership of publicly funded research-based knowledge. Our motivation for recording this history is the observation that many scholars, who are appropriately concerned about taxpayer rights, have argued for the need for public policy to clarify ownership of the publicness or openness of publicly funded research results when in fact such public policies have long been in place. We conclude this historical trace with the proposition that if the past is prologue to the future, one might expect future administrations to continue to acknowledge the importance of public access to findings from publicly funded research, be that research having occurred in federal laboratories, universities, or private-sector organizations.
Keywords: R&D; public policy; open science; open publication
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