Democracy and Fiscal-policy Responses to COVID-19
21 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2021
Date Written: July 9, 2021
In this paper, we investigate the relationship between the level of democracy and fiscal-policy response to the economic crisis induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. We use a novel cross-country dataset of fiscal-policy responses with time variation. Our results suggest that more democratic countries adopted substantially larger fiscal-policy packages (in % GDP) and the gap regarding the size of packages between more democratic and less democratic countries widened over time. Moreover, our regressions with different measures of democracy as well as instrumental variable estimations support a robust and causal relationship between a higher level of democracy and a larger fiscal-package size.
Keywords: COVID-19, Democracy, Fiscal Policy, Pandemic
JEL Classification: D72, H12, H30, H59
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