A Universal Stress Scenario Approach for Capitalising Non-modellable Risk Factors Under the FRTB
39 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2021 Last revised: 3 Mar 2022
Date Written: July 12, 2021
EU legislators mandated the European Banking Authority to propose a stress scenario methodology for capitalising non-modellable risk factors (NMRF) as foreseen under the Basel Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (FRTB) rules for market risk. In this paper, we present the foundations of such a methodology.
By design, it is universally applicable to all kinds of risk factors to which a bank may be exposed, and it caters for a wide range of data availability by adjusting the stress scenario for the number of returns observed in the calibration period. It captures non-linearities in the portfolio loss profile against changes in the NMRF, while reducing the computational effort and being simple.
To motivate the values set for some parameters in the methodology, we use a set of skewed generalised ‘t’ (SGT) distributions as a generic tool for describing a wide universe of real historical returns from all asset classes.
Finally, we extend the methodology from single risk factors to segments of curves or surfaces as envisaged in the FRTB.
Keywords: Market risk, FRTB, NMRF, capital requirements for non-modellable risk factors, sampling error for the expected shortfall, SGT distributions
JEL Classification: C13, C46, G21, G28, G32
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