Does Educational Mismatch Affect Emigration Behaviour?

48 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2021

See all articles by Philippe Wanner

Philippe Wanner

University of Geneva

Marco Pecoraro

University of Neuchatel

Massimiliano Tani

University of New South Wales - Australian Defence Force Academy; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper uses linked Swiss administrative and survey data to examine the relationship between educational mismatch in the labour market and emigration decisions, carrying out the analysis for both Swiss native and previous immigrant workers. In turn, migrants' decisions separate returning home from onward migration to a third country. We find that undereducation is positively associated with the probability of emigration and return to the country of origin. In contrast, the reverse relationship is found between overeducation and emigration, especially among non-European immigrant workers. According to the predictions of the traditional model of migration, based on self-selection, migrants returning home are positively selected relative to migrants emigrating to other countries. We also find that immigrants from a country outside the EU27/EFTA have little incentive to return home and generally accept jobs for which they are mismatched in Switzerland. These results highlight the relevance to understand emigration behaviours in relation to the type of migrant that is most integrated, and productive, in the Swiss market, hence enabling better migration and domestic labour market policy design.

JEL Classification: J15, J24, J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Wanner, Philippe and Pecoraro, Marco and Tani, Massimiliano, Does Educational Mismatch Affect Emigration Behaviour?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14558, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3892586

Philippe Wanner (Contact Author)

University of Geneva ( email )

Marco Pecoraro

University of Neuchatel ( email )

Rue Abram-Louis-Breguet 2
Neuchatel, CH-2000
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www2.unine.ch/sfm/page-14462.html

Massimiliano Tani

University of New South Wales - Australian Defence Force Academy ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia
+612 6268 8512 (Phone)
+612 6248 8450 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/sbus/staff_cvs/about_max_t.html

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
2
Abstract Views
20
PlumX Metrics