Sissy that Walk: Transportation to Work by Sexual Orientation

33 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2021 Last revised: 15 Jun 2022

See all articles by Sonia Oreffice

Sonia Oreffice

University of Surrey

Dario Sansone

Georgetown University


We analyze differences in mode of transportation to work by sexual orientation, using the American Community Survey 2008-2019. Individuals in same-sex couples are significantly less likely to drive to work than men and women in different-sex couples. This gap is particularly stark among men: on average, almost 12 percentage point (or 13%) lower likelihood of driving to work for men in same-sex couples. Individuals in same-sex couples are also more likely to use public transport, walk, or bike to work: on average, men and women are 7 and 3 percentage points more likely, respectively, to take public transportation to work than those in different-sex couples. These differences persist after controlling for demographic characteristics, partner's characteristics, location, fertility, and marital status. Additional evidence from the General Social Survey 2008-2018 suggests that these disparities by sexual orientation may be due to lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals caring more for the environment than straight individuals.

Keywords: public transport, driving, sexual minorities, LGBTQ+, same-sex couples

JEL Classification: D10, J15, Q50, R40

Suggested Citation

Oreffice, Sonia and Sansone, Dario, Sissy that Walk: Transportation to Work by Sexual Orientation. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14571, Available at SSRN:

Sonia Oreffice (Contact Author)

University of Surrey ( email )

Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://

Dario Sansone

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

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