Immigration and the Short- and Long-Term Impact of Improved Prenatal Conditions

74 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2021

See all articles by Victor Lavy

Victor Lavy

University of Warwick - Department of Economics; Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Analia Schlosser

Tel Aviv University

Adi Shany

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of immigration from a developing country to a developed country during pregnancy on offspring's outcomes. We focus on intermediate and long-term outcomes, using quasi-experimental variation created by the immigration of Ethiopian Jews to Israel in May 1991. Individuals conceived before immigration experienced dramatic changes in their environmental conditions at different stages of prenatal development depending on their gestational age at migration. We find that females whose mothers immigrated at an earlier gestational age have lower grade repetition and dropout rates in high school. They also show better cognitive performance during primary and middle school and in the high school matriculation study program. As adults, they have higher post-secondary schooling, employment rates, and earnings than those whose mothers migrated at a later stage of pregnancy.

JEL Classification: I24, I25, I15, J15

Suggested Citation

Lavy, Victor and Schlosser, Analia and Shany, Adi, Immigration and the Short- and Long-Term Impact of Improved Prenatal Conditions. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14576, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3892604

Victor Lavy (Contact Author)

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, 91905
Israel
+972 2 588 3245 (Phone)
+972 2 581 6071 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Analia Schlosser

Tel Aviv University

Ramat Aviv
Tel-Aviv, 6997801
Israel

Adi Shany

Hebrew University of Jerusalem ( email )

Jerusalem

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