Satellites, Tweets, Forecasts: The Future of Flood Disaster Management?

Published in the KDD Workshop on Data-driven Humanitarian Mapping held with the 27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD ’21), August 14, 2021

4 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2021

See all articles by Milan Kalas

Milan Kalas

Independent

Francesco Dottori

European Union - European Commission

Peter Salamon

European Commission-Joint Research Centre

Annett Wania

Planet Labs, Germany

Valerio Lorini

European Commission-Joint Research Centre

Florian Pappenberger

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

Maria Helena Ramos

University of Paris-Saclay

Hannah Cloke

University of Reading

Date Written: July 28, 2021

Abstract

Floods have devastating effects on lives and livelihoods around the world. Structural flood defense measures such as dikes and dams can help protect people. However, it is the emerging science and technologies for flood disaster management and preparedness, such as increasingly accurate flood early warning systems, high-resolution satellite monitoring, rapid risk mapping, or the use of social media information and crowdsourcing, which are most promising for reducing the impacts of flooding. We propose here a framework that combines the most recent advances in flood early warning, monitoring, and mapping systems with the unique strength of social media streaming and news monitoring in an innovative knowledge trigger cycle. This will allow emergency responders to have a broad range of timely and accurate information available for more effective and robust planning, decision-making, and resource allocation. The recent large-scale flood event in France (2016) could be used to showcase the proposed framework.

Keywords: Social media, Early warning system, Satellite mapping, flood risk management

Suggested Citation

Kalas, Milan and Dottori, Francesco and Salamon, Peter and Wania, Annett and Lorini, Valerio and Pappenberger, Florian and Ramos, Maria Helena and Cloke, Hannah, Satellites, Tweets, Forecasts: The Future of Flood Disaster Management? (July 28, 2021). Published in the KDD Workshop on Data-driven Humanitarian Mapping held with the 27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD ’21), August 14, 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3895387

Francesco Dottori

European Union - European Commission ( email )

Rue de la Loi 200
Brussels, B-1049
Belgium

Peter Salamon

European Commission-Joint Research Centre ( email )

Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Rue du
Brussels, Brussels 1050
Belgium

Annett Wania

Planet Labs, Germany

Valerio Lorini

European Commission-Joint Research Centre

Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Rue du
Brussels, Brussels 1050
Belgium

Florian Pappenberger

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

Shinfield Park
Reading RG2 9AX
United Kingdom

Maria Helena Ramos

University of Paris-Saclay

55 Avenue de Paris
Versailles, 78000
France

Hannah Cloke

University of Reading

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

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