Assessing Developing Countries' Sovereign Creditworthiness: A Female Agency Framework

23 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2021

Date Written: July 31, 2021


Developing countries present investors with compelling opportunities to influence the most substantial improvement in social and economic sustainability per unit of investment. We present a novel framework that seeks to enrich the assessment of sovereign creditworthiness, encourage investment in developing countries and support the pursuit of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) 3, 4, 5 and 8, as well as a host of United Nations Beijing Platform for Action (UN BPA) strategic objectives. The framework is built around the ethos of UN SDG target 10.2, women’s inclusion, equality and empowerment in politics, economics and society, as a tool for transforming regional ecosystems. We explore the framework as a scope for assessing sustainable development, additive to the modern investor's holistic toolbox. The framework, by inherent design, seeks to also promote disclosure around key gender issues and the equality of wealth distribution.

Keywords: sovereign, fixed income, developing countries, sustainability, female agency

JEL Classification: G11, E6, J00, J16, O11, Q01

Suggested Citation

Henide, Karim, Assessing Developing Countries' Sovereign Creditworthiness: A Female Agency Framework (July 31, 2021). Available at SSRN: or

Karim Henide (Contact Author)

London School of Economics ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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