Does Violent Conflict Affect Labor Supply of Farm Households? The Nigerian Experience

49 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2021

See all articles by John Chiwuzulum Odozi

John Chiwuzulum Odozi

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Nigeria has experienced bouts of violent conflict in different regions since its independence leading to significant loss of life. In this paper, we explore the average effect of exposure to violent conflict generally on labor supply in agriculture. Using a nationally representative panel dataset for Nigeria from 2010-2015, in combination with armed conflict data, we estimate the average effect of exposure to violent conflict on a household's farm labor supply. Our findings suggest that on average, exposure to violent conflict significantly reduces total family labor supply hours in agriculture. We also find that the decline in family labor supply is driven by a significant decline in the household head's total number of hours on the farm.

JEL Classification: Q10, Q12, O1, D74

Suggested Citation

Odozi, John Chiwuzulum and Uwaifo Oyelere, Ruth, Does Violent Conflict Affect Labor Supply of Farm Households? The Nigerian Experience. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14579, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3896791 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3896791

John Chiwuzulum Odozi (Contact Author)

Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Morehouse College ( email )

Department of Economics
Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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