Are Vaccine Lotteries Worth the Money?
19 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2021 Last revised: 13 Dec 2021
Date Written: September 1, 2021
This research evaluates the effects of the twelve statewide vaccine lottery schemes that were announced as of June 7, 2021 on state vaccination rates. We construct a dataset that matches information on the timing and location of these lotteries with daily, county-level data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) on the cumulative number of people who have received at least one dose of an emergency-authorized COVID-19 vaccine. We find that 10 of the 12 statewide lotteries studied (i.e., all but Arkansas and California) generated a positive, statistically significant, and economically meaningful impact on vaccine uptake after thirty days. On average, the cost per marginal vaccination across these programs was approximately $55.
Funding: Research assistance (by Megha Mathur and Margaret Houtz) was supported by the N. Neal Pike Scholar fund at Boston University School of Law.
Conflict of Interest: The authors report no conflicting interests relevant to this work
Keywords: COVID-19, vaccination, incentives, health behaviors, public health, lotteries
JEL Classification: L18, K32, D78, H41, H72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation