Electoral Cycles and In-Kind Transfers for Ecosystem Services: A Survey Experiment in Rural Mindoro

14 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2021

See all articles by Paul Dingkuhn

Paul Dingkuhn

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Imelda Molina

University of the Philippines, Los Baños - College of Economics and Management

Klarizze Puzon

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE)

CERE Center for Environmental and Resource Economics

CERE

Date Written: August 11, 2021

Abstract

This short note presents a survey experiment in the natural resource-rich Philippine province of Occidental Mindoro. The objective is to investigate the effect of electoral cycles and payment type on people’s opinions about a hypothetical, state-led payment for ecosystem services program (PES). We show there is greater tendency for respondents to believe that the program implementation will be “unfair” if it occurs before the elections rather than the treatment scenario where it is ex-post. The timing of ecosystem-related transfer programs ex-ante elections has a stronger effect among migrants than native residents. The use of in-kind rather than monetary payment can significantly reduce this negative perception.

Keywords: elections, ecosystem services, survey experiment, in-kind payments.

JEL Classification: C90, Q23, Q56, Q57.

Suggested Citation

Dingkuhn, Paul and Molina, Imelda and Puzon, Klarizze and Center for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, Electoral Cycles and In-Kind Transfers for Ecosystem Services: A Survey Experiment in Rural Mindoro (August 11, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3903273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3903273

Paul Dingkuhn (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Imelda Molina

University of the Philippines, Los Baños - College of Economics and Management ( email )

College, Laguna 4031
Philippines

Klarizze Puzon

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE) ( email )

Almas Allé 10
Umeå, 750 07
Sweden

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