(Anticipated) Discrimination against Sexual Minorities in Prosocial Domains

74 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2021 Last revised: 3 Mar 2022

See all articles by Billur Aksoy

Billur Aksoy

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Ian Chadd

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Boon Han Koh

University of East Anglia (UEA) - School of Economics

Date Written: November 17, 2021

Abstract

We study the effects of anticipated discrimination in prosocial domains against sexual minorities using a sharing (dictator) game in an online experiment. Recipients are given the opportunity to signal their sexual identity. Decision-makers, upon observing these signals, decide how much of their endowment to share with their matched recipients. We find that female, but not male, recipients are less likely to signal their sexual minority status when they are aware of the potential payoff implications of their decisions. Investigating the treatment of sexual minorities by decision-makers, we find that decision-makers are similarly generous based on the recipient's chosen signal of their sexual minority status. However, the intersection of decision-makers' political affiliations and the perceptions of these signals matter: Republican heterosexual decision-makers are less generous to others whom they perceive to be sexual minorities, while their Democratic counterparts are slightly more generous. This cannot be explained by religious affiliation or perceptions about the recipient's political leaning, but it is consistent with the direction of their implicit bias against homosexuals.

Keywords: taste-based discrimination, identity, LGBTQ+, gender, political preference, online experiments

JEL Classification: C90, D90, J16

Suggested Citation

Aksoy, Billur and Chadd, Ian and Koh, Boon Han, (Anticipated) Discrimination against Sexual Minorities in Prosocial Domains (November 17, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3903425 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3903425

Billur Aksoy

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute ( email )

110 8th Street
Troy, NY 12180
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/billuraksoy/research

Ian Chadd

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) ( email )

Troy, NY 12180
United States

Boon Han Koh (Contact Author)

University of East Anglia (UEA) - School of Economics ( email )

3.06, Registry
University of East Anglia
Norwich, NR4 7TJ
United Kingdom

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