Dynamic Currency Hedging with Non-Gaussianity and Ambiguity
43 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2021 Last revised: 6 Feb 2023
Date Written: August 10, 2021
This paper introduces a non-Gaussian dynamic currency hedging strategy for globally diversified investors with ambiguity. It provides theoretical and empirical evidence that, under the stylized fact of non-Gaussianity of financial returns and for a given optimal portfolio, the investor-specific ambiguity can be estimated from historical asset returns without the need of additional exogenous information. Acknowledging non-Gaussianity, we compute an optimal ambiguity-adjusted mean-variance (dynamic) currency allocation. Next, we propose an extended filtered historical simulation that combines Monte Carlo simulation based on volatility clustering patterns with the semi-parametric non-normal return distribution from historical data. This simulation allows us to incorporate investor's ambiguity into a dynamic currency hedging strategy algorithm that can numerically optimize an arbitrary risk measure, such as the expected shortfall. The out-of-sample backtest demonstrates that, for globally diversified investors, the derived non-Gaussian dynamic currency hedging strategy is stable, robust, and highly risk reductive. It outperforms the benchmarks of constant hedging as well as static/dynamic hedging approaches with Gaussianity in terms of lower maximum drawdown and higher Sharpe and Sortino ratios in gross terms and net of transaction costs.
Keywords: Currency Hedging, Non-Gaussianity, Ambiguity, Filtered Historical Simulation, Expected Shortfall, Currency Risk Management.
JEL Classification: C53, C58, F31, G11, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation