Recognizing Typology in Historical Native American Leadership: Implications for Contemporary Praxes
Forthcoming in Open Journal of Leadership, December, Iss: 10: 4 (2021).
20 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2021 Last revised: 9 Nov 2021
Date Written: July 28, 2021
The various forms of damage, to include genocide, that historical colonialism has instituted upon Native American people, are longer a secret. Native Americans have suffered through many negative socio-psychological effects through this process. Despite their historical maltreatment, Native Americans have proven resilient. The authors hypothesized that specific traits have been prominent in the histories of Native American leaders although they mostly came from distinct tribal systems. What does this type of leadership look like? To engage our hypothesis, and curiosity, as the literature was devoid of a coalesced ideology, we used Boolean operator search functions which helped refine keywords in searches. We then used computer-aided random selection of data with which to conceptualize leadership behavior of the four Indigenous leaders (n = 50) who were drawn from a historic pool of people, from four separate databases. Through surveying the literature, it became necessary to conduct extensive case studies of select leaders. We detailed various leadership traits exhibited by a randomly selected Native American population (5 percent) and were able to synthesize and classify the results from a word cloud as either innate or cognate characteristics. While these leaders were separated by time, tribe, and vast geographical distance—in an area that became the United States—their traits, when compared, revealed a thematic framework of Native American leadership— a typology that could inform and guide leaders (and managers) in various contemporary praxes.
Keywords: Indigenous Leadership Typology, Decision-Making, Native American Leadership, Native Studies, Indigenous History, Management
JEL Classification: M1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation