Stock Price Level Effect
40 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2021
Date Written: August 18, 2021
Companies actively manipulate stock price ranges through IPOs, stock splits, and repurchases. Indeed, empirical results suggest that the stock’s price range, whether at a high or low price level, affects market performance. Unfortunately, archival data does not allow us to test the effect of stock price levels on investor behavior due to uncontrolled confound effects. We thus conduct a controlled online experiment with 900 US retail investors to test whether a difference in stock price levels affects the investor’s risk perception, the price forecast, and the investment. Even though we find no differences in risk perception and forecasts, our results show significantly higher investments in high-priced stocks in comparison to low-priced stocks. This effect disappears when we allow fractional share purchases or restrict naive trading strategies.
Keywords: stock price, nominal stock price puzzle, stock splits, number processing, fractional share purchases, naive trading strategies, numerosity
JEL Classification: C9, D14, G11, G41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation