Head Start Funding Expansions and Program Inputs

38 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2021 Last revised: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Chris M. Herbst

Chris M. Herbst

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Esra Kose

Bucknell University


Our paper provides some of the first evidence on the effect of the Head Start funding expansions on program inputs. We take advantage of the county-year variation in funding increases that were implemented due to a number of legislated policy changes in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. By focusing on the period between 1988 and 2007, we show that the funding increases were directed at increasing program enrollment and full-time enrollment. We also show that the funding expansions were used to make a number of quality-related in- vestments, including increasing the number of teachers and staff, and upgrading the skill-level of teachers.

Keywords: national government expenditures and education, head start, early childhood education

JEL Classification: H52, I28

Suggested Citation

Herbst, Chris M. and Kose, Esra, Head Start Funding Expansions and Program Inputs. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14670, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3913031

Chris M. Herbst (Contact Author)

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs ( email )

Box 870603
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

Esra Kose

Bucknell University ( email )

One Dent Drive
Lewisburg, PA 17837
United States

HOME PAGE: http://esrakose.weebly.com/

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