Is Being Competitive Always an Advantage? Degrees of Competitiveness, Gender, and Premature Work Contract Termination

29 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2021 Last revised: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Samuel Lüthi

Samuel Lüthi

University of Bern; Swiss Coordination Centre for Research in Education

Stefan C. Wolter

Swiss Coordination Centre for Research in Education (SKBF); University of Bern - Department of Economics

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Abstract

In this study, we examine the influence of competitiveness on the stability of labour relations using the example of premature employment and training contract termination in the apprenticeship education sector. The paper extends the small but growing evidence on the external relevance of competitiveness by analysing gender differences in the correlation between competitiveness and labour market success and whether these effects depend on how the students' propensity to compete is measured. By matching a large experimental dataset with administrative data identifying contract terminations, we find that both gender and test specification matter. While competitive men assigned to a difficult competitiveness task are less likely to drop out of the contract than non competitive men, there is no such effect observable for those assigned to the easier task. On the other hand, competitive women are more likely to drop out than non competitive women, irrespective of how competitiveness is measured.

Keywords: competitiveness, non-cognitive skills, gender, apprenticeship

JEL Classification: C9, J16, J24

Suggested Citation

Lüthi, Samuel and Wolter, Stefan C., Is Being Competitive Always an Advantage? Degrees of Competitiveness, Gender, and Premature Work Contract Termination. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14675, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3913036

Samuel Lüthi (Contact Author)

University of Bern

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Swiss Coordination Centre for Research in Education ( email )

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United States

Stefan C. Wolter

Swiss Coordination Centre for Research in Education (SKBF) ( email )

CH - 5000 Aarau
Switzerland
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HOME PAGE: http://www.skbf-csre.ch

University of Bern - Department of Economics ( email )

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