Entry into New Foreign Markets: Performance Feedback and Opportunity Costs
Journal Of World Business https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2021.101258
46 Pages Posted: 30 Sep 2021 Last revised: 9 Nov 2021
Date Written: October 1, 2021
To resolve the mixed and sometimes contradictory results regarding the effect of performance feedback on the tendency and timing to expand abroad, we develop a theoretical framework that takes opportunity costs into account. Our findings show a non-linear relationship, mostly an inverted U-shape, between performance both below and above aspiration and entering new foreign markets. Our results also show that industry growth rate moderates this non-linear relationship differently for firms near aspiration (below or above) compared with firms well below or well above aspiration, furthering our understanding of contextual factors and the boundaries of performance feedback theory regarding international expansion.
Keywords: Entry into new foreign markets, Timing of entry, Behavioral theory of the firm, Performance feedback, Industry growth rate, Opportunity costs, Moderating effect
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