Lux Lucet in Tenebris: the role of Waldensian culture in reducing the gender-gap

27 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2021

See all articles by Andrea Berlanda

Andrea Berlanda

University of Lausanne

Paolo Buonanno

University of Bergamo

Marcello Puca

University of Bergamo; University of Naples Federico II - CSEF - Center for Studies in Economics and Finance; Webster University - Webster University Geneva

Date Written: August 30, 2021

Abstract

Do religious driven cultural norms contribute to the gender gap? Focusing on Italian municipalities in the Piedmont region, we study the long-run cultural effect of medieval Christian Waldensian communities on early XIX century female literacy rates. All outcomes of education gender gap are, on average, statistically and economically lower in municipalities hosting Waldensian communities. This effect persists until present, as women living in these municipalities have, on average, higher education levels. The effect extends also to labor market participation and women political representation. Our results confirm the importance that cultural and social norms have for women empowerment and gender gap reduction.

Keywords: Gender gap, Religion, Women Empowerment, Waldensians

JEL Classification: J16, N3, Z1

Suggested Citation

Berlanda, Andrea and Buonanno, Paolo and Puca, Marcello, Lux Lucet in Tenebris: the role of Waldensian culture in reducing the gender-gap (August 30, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3913889 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3913889

Andrea Berlanda

University of Lausanne ( email )

Quartier Chambronne
Lausanne, Vaud CH-1015
Switzerland

Marcello Puca (Contact Author)

University of Bergamo ( email )

Via dei Caniana 2
Bergamo, 24127
Italy

University of Naples Federico II - CSEF - Center for Studies in Economics and Finance ( email )

Via Cintia
Complesso Monte S. Angelo
Naples, Naples 80126
Italy

Webster University - Webster University Geneva ( email )

Route de Collex 15
Bellevue, CH- 1293
Switzerland

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