From Host Country Nationals to Entrepreneurs: Insights from Professional Service Ventures in Vietnam

Management and Organization Review,1-32, https://www.doi.org/10.1017/mor.2021.27.

The University of Auckland Business School Research Paper

Posted: 10 Sep 2021

See all articles by Yen Tran

Yen Tran

Heriot-Watt University

Snejina Michailova

University of Auckland Business School

Huong Nguyen

Faculty of Finance, University of Economics, The University of Danang, Vietnam

Date Written: August 27, 2021

Abstract

Working for multinational companies (MNCs) is often viewed as a privilege for host country nationals (HCNs) in emerging economies. This raises the question: Why do HCNs leave their jobs to pursue the hardship of establishing their own business? This article addresses this question by adopting a phenomenon-based approach to study 12 professional service firms in Vietnam. We explore why HCNs initially become entrepreneurs and identify how they make this transition. We reveal several idiosyncratic motivations and identify four types of migration pathways: MNC returnee, committed hybrid, transitional hybrid, and direct spin-off. Our findings address the shortcomings of the existing HCNs literature that centers on MNCs’ view and employee entrepreneurship literature that overlooks the context of emerging markets. We find evidence that institutional voids often promote, rather than suppress, entrepreneurship in emerging markets. Importantly, by taking a local perspective, our findings help MNCs increase their awareness that in the fast-growing market of Vietnam, a brain drain might occur as a result of HCNs becoming entrepreneurs. For the full article, go to https://www.doi.org/10.1017/mor.2021.27.

Keywords: employee entrepreneurship, host country nationals, MNC, professional service firms, Vietnam

Suggested Citation

Tran, Yen and Michailova, Snejina and Nguyen, Huong, From Host Country Nationals to Entrepreneurs: Insights from Professional Service Ventures in Vietnam (August 27, 2021). Management and Organization Review,1-32, https://www.doi.org/10.1017/mor.2021.27., The University of Auckland Business School Research Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3914484

Yen Tran (Contact Author)

Heriot-Watt University ( email )

Riccarton
Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland EH14 1AS
United Kingdom

Snejina Michailova

University of Auckland Business School ( email )

12 Grafton Rd
Private Bag 92019
Auckland, 1010
New Zealand

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.business.auckland.ac.nz/people/smic009

Huong Nguyen

Faculty of Finance, University of Economics, The University of Danang, Vietnam ( email )

71 Ngu Hanh Son Street
Danang
Vietnam

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