实现中低收入国家研究人员 向“开放获取”的公平过渡 (Achieving an Equitable Transition to Open Access for Researchers in Lower and Middle-Income Countries) [ICSR Perspectives]
12 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2021 Last revised: 26 Aug 2022 Publication Status: Under Review
Chinese Abstract: 本白皮书的起源可以追溯到2019年年中的一场讨 论，在一些学术出版商和 Research4Life 的出版商 协调员（该职位由STM协会 STM Association 提供 财政支持）之间展开的。这些对话者表示关切的 是，发达国家的出版界和研究界在全球"开放获取" （Open Access）这一基于“付费出版”模式的行动 上正取得稳步和积极的进展，但较不发达的中低 收入国家（通常被称为“南营”）的出版和研究界却 被排除在这些讨论之外。2019年夏季STM董事会 讨论之后，成立了一个由出版商和其他利益相关 方组成的非正式工作组，以探讨如何让向“开放获 取”的过渡更加公平，避免出现新模式只是将障碍 从一个地方转移到另一个地方的情况。至关重要 的是，基于“开放获取”，所有产出的研究交流过程 不应比目前的模式更具排他性。
English Abstract: The origins of this White Paper can be traced to a discussion started in mid-2019 between a number of scholarly publishers and the Publisher Coordinator for Research4Life. These interlocutors voiced concern that while the publishing and research communities in the developed world were making steady and positive progress towards universal Open Access based on a ‘pay to publish’ model, those same communities in the less developed lower and middle-income countries (often referred to as the “Global South”) were being excluded from these discussions. An informal Task Force of publishers and other interested parties was set up to explore ways in which a transition to Open Access could be made more equitable, avoiding a situation in which the new model would simply shift the barrier from one place to another. The Task Force agreed that the first step towards addressing these challenges was to gather evidence about the progress already made towards Open Access in less advantaged regions, using the Research4Life country list as a proxy, and about the obstacles preventing it from progressing more rapidly. The International Centre for the Study of Research at Elsevier offered to carry out this analysis and to make the result widely available as a basis for further discussion and analysis. This paper presents those results and captures the conclusions from a workshop held at the 2020 Researcher to Reader Conference, at which the data formed the basis for debate over how to make an Open Access publishing system more equitable.
The English language version is available here: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3624782
Note: Downloadable document is in Chinese.
Keywords: research4life, open access publishing, equitable, lmic, global south
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