'Unnecessary Cruelty': Freedom of Religion and the Humane Slaughter Act

28 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 2021

Date Written: May 15, 2021


The Humane Slaughter Act creates an exemption for ritual slaughter that is allegedly compelled by the Free Exercise Clause of the United States constitution. In fact, this exemption is too broad to be justified by Free Exercise concerns because it encompasses practices that are not religiously mandated. Furthermore, the exemption contravenes the Establishment Clause because it favors some religions over others and religion over non religion.

Keywords: Ritual, Slaughter, Humane, HSA, Establishment, Religious exemption, Jones, Butz.

Suggested Citation

Achille, Jean-Francois, 'Unnecessary Cruelty': Freedom of Religion and the Humane Slaughter Act (May 15, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3917164 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3917164

Jean-Francois Achille (Contact Author)

Georgetown University

Washington, DC 20057
United States

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