Attention to Dividends, Inattention to Earnings?
Review of Accounting Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, March 2023. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11142-021-09642-4
Posted: 7 Sep 2021 Last revised: 30 Jan 2023
Date Written: September 3, 2021
We examine whether dividends serve as substitutes or complements to accounting information in firm valuation. Consistent with dividends substituting for earnings information, we find that dividend paying firms have 11%–15% lower earnings response coefficients (ERCs) than non-payers. We find more substitution when the dividend provides a stronger signal of permanent earnings: when the firm is less likely to cut the dividend, when the firm is likely to fund the dividend out of earnings rather than cash reserves, or when the dividend is larger. We then show that dividend payers have lower absolute returns, less trading volume, and fewer analyst forecasts at the earnings announcement (EA), suggesting that dividend payers attract less attention to their less informative EAs. Finally, we show that the lower EA attention translates into less earnings management and fewer earnings-related disclosures for dividend payers relative to non-payers. Collectively, this evidence suggests that dividends supply information about permanent earnings and, although costly, could be an efficient way for some firms to satisfy investors’ demand for earnings information.
Keywords: Dividends, Information environment, Earnings announcements, Earnings management
JEL Classification: M41, G35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation