Preparedness of Countries To Constrain COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis and Support Timely Vaccinations: Analysis of the Performance and Underlying Structural Factors
Environmental Research, Volume 203, n. 111678, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.111678
23 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2021
Date Written: September 5, 2021
One of the problems in pandemic crisis of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the evaluation of the preparedness of crisis management in countries to cope with COVID-19 pandemic and to face new infectious diseases. In this settings, the main goal of this study is to propose the Index r (as resilience) that detects which countries have had the best performance to reduce the negative impact of mortality related to COVID-19 pandemic and the Index p (as prevention) that assesses best-performer countries to support COVID-19 vaccinations in order to prevent the diffusion of future waves of COVID-19, reducing socioeconomic issues and risk of exposure to future epidemics of the COVID-19 and similar infections. On the one side, Index of resilience produces a score based on average mortality, average daily hospital occupancy and Intensive Care Units (ICUs) occupancy per 100 000 people; on the other side, Index of prevention produces a synthetic score by focusing on indicators of COVID-19 vaccinations, such as doses of vaccines administrated and total vaccinates per 100 000 people. The application of these indexes on a case study of European countries, having a similar socioeconomic structure, reveal that best-performer countries to cope with COVID-19 pandemic crisis have a smaller size of population and better governance, not limited to healthcare system. These indexes can support a strategies of crisis management to constrain current and future pandemic threat of the COVID-19 and similar infectious diseases.
Note: Funding: This study has none funders.
Declaration of Interests: The author declares that he is the sole author of this manuscript and he has no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus infections, SARS-CoV-2, Risk assessment, Crisis management, Country monitoring, Pandemic response, Preventing transmission, Preparedness, Public health, Healthcare sector, Public health capacity, Health systems, Health systems resilience, Population size, Governance.
JEL Classification: H12, H50, H84, I10, I18, I19, Q00, Q50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation