Efficient Biomass Cooking in Africa for Climate Change Mitigation and Development

32 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2021

See all articles by Gunther Bensch

Gunther Bensch

RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research

Marc Jeuland

Duke University - Sanford School of Public Policy

Jörg Peters

RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research; University of Passau - Business Administration and Economics

Date Written: September 7, 2021

Abstract

Nearly three billion people continue to use wood fuels for their daily cooking. The global policy discourse increasingly emphasizes clean fuels, notably gas and electricity. Yet, electricity and gas are expensive, and their supply chains are typically interrupted in rural areas. They will hence not reach the global poor soon, especially in Africa. As an alternative, this paper shows that fuel-efficient biomass stoves can contribute climate mitigation potentials in Sub-Saharan Africa that exceed the total CO2-equivalent emissions of a medium-sized European country. Abatement costs of this policy are low at $2 to 10 per ton. Furthermore, we demonstrate that cooking-related emissions will likely double by 2050. We conclude by arguing that a rapid dissemination policy should be based on two crucial steps: First, fuel-efficient stoves should be field-tested region by region and adapted to satisfy local cooking needs. Second, cookstoves that have proven to be adopted by users should be heavily subsidized at scale.

Keywords: cookstoves, wood fuels, black carbon, aerosols, climate-forcing emissions, abatement costs, energy access

Suggested Citation

Bensch, Gunther and Jeuland, Marc and Peters, Jörg, Efficient Biomass Cooking in Africa for Climate Change Mitigation and Development (September 7, 2021). Duke Global Working Paper Series No. 43, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3919098 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3919098

Gunther Bensch

RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Essen, 45128
Germany

Marc Jeuland (Contact Author)

Duke University - Sanford School of Public Policy ( email )

201 Science Drive
Box 90312
Durham, NC 27708-0239
United States

Jörg Peters

RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
45128 Essen
Germany
0049-201-8149-247 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rwi-essen.de

University of Passau - Business Administration and Economics ( email )

Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultaet
Passau, D-94030
Germany

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