Informational Hold-up by Venture Capital Syndicates
70 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2021 Last revised: 11 Jan 2022
Date Written: January 10, 2022
We develop a theory of informational hold-up by incumbent VC syndicates, in the spirit of Sharpe (1990) and Rajan (1992). The theory can explain and relate the empirical observations that (a) early round syndicates regularly associate VCs with different levels of experience and (b) follow-on syndicates often involve none of the early round VCs. Consistent with the theory, we find empirically that the heterogeneity of VC experience levels in a syndicate is (i) negatively related to the extent to which outside VCs trust the entrepreneur and (ii) positively related to the likelihood of syndicate switching in a later round.
Keywords: Venture Capital, Syndication, Staged Investment, Heterogeneity, Switching, Network Centrality
JEL Classification: G24, L26, D85
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation