The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the UK

36 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2003

See all articles by Kathryn Graddy

Kathryn Graddy

Brandeis University - Department of Economics

Margaret Stevens

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 2003

Abstract

In this article, we report the results of an empirical study of the impact of school inputs on pupils' performance in private (independent) schools in the United Kingdom. We use a new school-level panel dataset constructed from information provided by the Independent Schools Information Service (ISIS). We show a consistent negative relationship between the pupil-teacher ratio at a school and the average examination results at that school. Our estimates indicate that the relationship persists even when we are estimating 'added-value' models conditional on previous exam results. The results are noteworthy in comparison with studies for the state sector, relatively few of which have found a consistent and significant effect.

Keywords: Exam performance, private schools, school resources, teacher-pupil ratio

JEL Classification: I20

Suggested Citation

Graddy, Kathryn and Stevens, Margaret, The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the UK (February 2003). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=392101

Kathryn Graddy (Contact Author)

Brandeis University - Department of Economics ( email )

415 South Street MS 021
Waltham, MA 02453-2728
United States
781-736-8616 (Phone)
781-736-2269 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://people.brandeis.edu/~kgraddy/

Margaret Stevens

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Manor Road Building
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom
+44 1865 271 092 (Phone)
+44 1865 271 094 (Fax)

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