Measuring Gender Role Attitudes in Japan

11 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2021

Date Written: September 12, 2021

Abstract

What explains gender discrimination in Japan? While Japan ranks near the worst among advanced democracies in nearly all cross-national gender equality rankings, we know little about the attitudes that drive disparate outcomes between men and women. To address this need, we develop, introduce, and validate the first measure of gender role attitudes in Japan, the Gender Role Scale. Using data from a large, national, quota-based sample of 2,389 Japanese conducted in March 2020, we visualize the sub-components of GRS, showing cross-gender differences in attitudes. Our findings extend the large literature on politics and gender and provide a measure for reuse in Japan and for extension in other countries that lag behind in women empowerment.

Keywords: gender, discrimination, politics

JEL Classification: J7, J16, J15

Suggested Citation

Crabtree, Charles and Muroga, Kiho, Measuring Gender Role Attitudes in Japan (September 12, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3921941 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3921941

Charles Crabtree

Dartmouth College ( email )

211 Silsby Hall, 3 Tuck Mall
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://charlescrabtree.com

Kiho Muroga (Contact Author)

Kyushu University ( email )

6-19-1, Hakozaki, Higashiku
Fukuoka, Fukuoka 812-8581
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.kihomuroga.com

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