Measuring Gender Role Attitudes in Japan
11 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2021
Date Written: September 12, 2021
What explains gender discrimination in Japan? While Japan ranks near the worst among advanced democracies in nearly all cross-national gender equality rankings, we know little about the attitudes that drive disparate outcomes between men and women. To address this need, we develop, introduce, and validate the first measure of gender role attitudes in Japan, the Gender Role Scale. Using data from a large, national, quota-based sample of 2,389 Japanese conducted in March 2020, we visualize the sub-components of GRS, showing cross-gender differences in attitudes. Our findings extend the large literature on politics and gender and provide a measure for reuse in Japan and for extension in other countries that lag behind in women empowerment.
Keywords: gender, discrimination, politics
JEL Classification: J7, J16, J15
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