60%, -4% and 6%, a Tale of Thresholds for EU Fiscal and Current Account Developments
REM Working Paper 196-2021
31 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2021
Date Written: September 20, 2021
We study the relationship between the budget balance and the current account balance for European Union (EU) countries, using quarterly data from 1995 to 2020. Through the use of panel Granger causality tests and a panel SUR model, we conclude that the relationship is bi-directional for the EU panel as a whole. We find that, before 2010, the impact of the budget balance on the current account balance is greater in Eurozone countries, for those countries with an average current account balance-to-GDP ratio outside the range of -4 to 6%, and also in countries whose average debt-to-GDP ratio is greater than 60%. Conversely, in non-Eurozone countries, after 2010, the impact of the fiscal balance on the current account balance is less relevant in countries with a current account balance-to-GDP ratio of -4 to 6%, and also in countries with an average debt-to-GDP ratio of less than 60%.
Keywords: budget deficit, external deficit, European Union, panel data, time series
JEL Classification: F32, F41, H62, C32, C33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation