Review of Macroeconomic Modelling in the Eurosystem: Current Practices and Scope for Improvement
193 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2021 Last revised: 18 Nov 2021
Date Written: September, 2021
This paper provides an assessment of the macroeconomic models regularly used for forecasting and policy analysis in the Eurosystem. These include semi-structural, structural and time-series models covering specific jurisdictions and the euro area within a closed economy, small open economy, multi-country or global setting. Models are used as analytical frameworks for building baseline projections and for supporting the preparation of monetary policy decisions. The paper delivers four main contributions. First, it provides a survey of the macroeconomic modelling portfolios currently used or under development within the Eurosystem. Second, it explores the analytical gaps in the Eurosystem models and investigates the scope for further enhancement of the main projection and policy models, and the creation of new models. Third, it reviews current practices in model-based analysis for monetary policy preparation and forecasting and provides recommendations and suggestions for improvement. Finally, it reviews existing cooperation modalities on model development and proposes alternative sourcing and organisational strategies to remedy any knowledge or analytical gaps identified.
Keywords: central banking., econometric modelling, forecasting and simulation, monetary policy
JEL Classification: C5, E47, E52, E58, F4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation