Competitividad y Entorno Institucional en Colombia (Competitiveness and Institutional Environment in Colombia)

68 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2021

See all articles by Hernando Zuleta

Hernando Zuleta

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Date Written: September 15, 2021

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Este trabajo describe las relaciones entre el entorno institucional, la economía, la distribución del ingreso y la productividad en Colombia. En particular, existe un problema de diseño institucional que fomenta la informalidad, dificulta la inclusión, inhibe la competitividad y frena el crecimiento. Las fallas de diseño institucional se manifiestan en los problemas asociados al régimen tributario, la administración de justicia, la prestación de servicios por parte del gobierno, la corrupción y la dificultad para crear empresa. A partir de las fallas identificadas se plantean posibles reformas que ayuden a impulsar un cambio institucional que ayude a corregir algunas de los problemas descritos.

English Abstract: This paper describes the relationships between the institutional environment, the economy, income distribution, and productivity in Colombia. In particular, there is an institutional design problem that encourages informality, hinders inclusion, inhibits competitiveness, and slows growth. Institutional design flaws are manifested in problems associated with the tax regime, the administration of justice, the provision of services by the government, corruption, and the difficulty in creating a business. Based on the flaws identified, possible reforms are proposed to help promote institutional change to help correct some of the problems described.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Entorno institucional, productividad, impuestos, justicia, sistema financiero, reformas, política; Institutional environment, productivity, taxes, justice, financial system, reforms, politics

JEL Classification: G2, H2, J01, K3, K4, O10

Suggested Citation

Zuleta, Hernando, Competitividad y Entorno Institucional en Colombia (Competitiveness and Institutional Environment in Colombia) (September 15, 2021). Documento CEDE No. 52, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3928935 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3928935

Hernando Zuleta (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

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