Browsers Don't Lie? Gender Differences in the Effects of the Indian Covid-19 Lockdown on Digital Activity and Time Use

40 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2021

See all articles by Amalia R. Miller

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Kamalini Ramdas

London Business School - Department of Management Science and Operations

Alp Sungu

London Business School

Date Written: September 24, 2021

Abstract

We measure gender differences in the impact of the initial Indian COVID-19 lockdown using an online survey fielded during the lockdown that ended with consensual provision of browser history records. Digital activity increased dramatically during the lockdown for both men and women, but men’s activity increased significantly more. Gender differences are present overall and for categories including leisure, production, and job search, and are most prominent among parents. Despite increasing their time online by more than mothers, fathers self-reported significantly larger increases in childcare time. This contrast underscores the potential value of incorporating objective browser data in time use research.

Keywords: gender; COVID-19 lockdown; digital activity; time use; data privacy

JEL Classification: D18, J16, J22

Suggested Citation

Miller, Amalia R. and Ramdas, Kamalini and Sungu, Alp, Browsers Don't Lie? Gender Differences in the Effects of the Indian Covid-19 Lockdown on Digital Activity and Time Use (September 24, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3930079 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3930079

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4182
United States

HOME PAGE: http://people.virginia.edu/~am5by/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Kamalini Ramdas

London Business School - Department of Management Science and Operations ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London, London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom

Alp Sungu (Contact Author)

London Business School ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London, London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom

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