Gender Faultline Strength on Boards of Directors and Strategic Change: The Role of Environmental Conditions
Group & Organization Management, 46(3): 564-601
38 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021 Last revised: 1 Jun 2022
Date Written: September 25, 2021
Drawing on the notion of“fault lines” and the upper echelons perspective, we argue that the gender fault line strength of a board of directors is negatively related to strategic change. More interestingly, while gender fault line strength negatively relates to strategic change under low levels of environmental complexity, environmental dynamism, and environmental munificence, it is positively related to strategic change when environmental complexity, environmental dynamism, and environmental munificence are at high levels. The analysis of panel data of 5781firm-year observations of 1171 Chinesefirmsprovide support for the hypotheses.
Keywords: board of directors, demographic fault lines, gender fault line strength, strategic change, upper echelons
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