Not Too Little, But Too Late: Improving Post-Primary Learning Outcomes in India

33 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2021 Last revised: 30 Nov 2023

See all articles by Gaurav Chiplunkar

Gaurav Chiplunkar

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Diva Dhar

University of Oxford

Radhika Nagesh

UNICEF

Date Written: August 30, 2023

Abstract

We evaluate an innovative remedial education program targeted at post-primary school students with severe learning deficiencies in India and find that: (i) it significantly improved students’ foundational learning; but, (ii) these gains did not translate into any improvement on a grade-level standardized national exam. We rule out alternate mechanisms to rationalize these results and conclude that the impact of such programs implemented at the post-primary level is not ‘too little’ to overcome students’ learning deficiencies at the grade-level, but may be ‘too late’ to meaningfully impact performance on important grade-level exams that are crucial for students’ future academic and job placements.

Keywords: Post-primary education, secondary school, remedial education, India

JEL Classification: I21, I26, I28, J24

Suggested Citation

Chiplunkar, Gaurav and Dhar, Diva and Nagesh, Radhika, Not Too Little, But Too Late: Improving Post-Primary Learning Outcomes in India (August 30, 2023). Darden Business School Working Paper No. 3932347, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3932347 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3932347

Gaurav Chiplunkar (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Diva Dhar

University of Oxford ( email )

10 Merton St
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4JJ
United Kingdom

Radhika Nagesh

UNICEF ( email )

Port-au-Prince
Haiti

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