Conditional Cash Transfers and Intrahousehold Time Allocation: Evidence from Urban Mexico

42 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2021 Last revised: 7 Sep 2023

See all articles by Andrea Flores

Andrea Flores

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças

Date Written: October 21, 2022

Abstract

Persistent gender gaps in time allocation simultaneously reflect and shape within-household resource and decision-making disparities. This paper quantifies the impact of Mexico's Oportunidades conditional cash transfer program on parental time allocation. Focusing on two-parent households, the results show that participation in Oportunidades significantly increased mothers' weekly leisure hours by substantially reducing their housework hours while slightly reducing fathers' leisure hours. I rule out a pure income effect by showing that program participation did not significantly affect single mothers' leisure hours. Interpreting the heterogeneity in parental time use responses to the program within a non-unitary framework of the household, I provide suggestive evidence of a change in intrahousehold income and decision-making inequality.

Keywords: Time allocation, home production, intrahousehold inequality

JEL Classification: D13, J16, O12

Suggested Citation

Flores, Andrea, Conditional Cash Transfers and Intrahousehold Time Allocation: Evidence from Urban Mexico (October 21, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3937012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3937012

Andrea Flores (Contact Author)

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças ( email )

Praia de Botafogo 190/1125, CEP
Rio de Janeiro RJ 22253-900
Brazil

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