Living in a poisonous World. The Geography of Inventions in the Pesticide Industry

42 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Gianluca Biggi

Gianluca Biggi

Department of Economics & Management, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; University of Pisa - Responsible Management Research Center (REMARC)

Elisa Giuliani

University of Pisa

Arianna Martinelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa

Date Written: October 6, 2021

Abstract

The invention of dark innovations, which we define as technologies that possess intrinsic features that can cause significant harm to humans and their ecosystems, is expected to shift from high income democratic countries to lower income authoritarian countries which are then blamed for being pollution havens. We take patents in the pesticide industry as a possible space for dark innovations and find that, while pesticides patents boomed in China after 2005, the progressive, democratic, high-income California still retains a leadership in the invention of highly toxic pesticides, which outperform Chinese patents also in terms of geographical scope.

Keywords: Patents, Pesticides, Persistent organic pollutants (POP), regions, United States, China.

JEL Classification: O30, O31, O33

Suggested Citation

Biggi, Gianluca and Giuliani, Elisa and Martinelli, Arianna, Living in a poisonous World. The Geography of Inventions in the Pesticide Industry (October 6, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3937284 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3937284

Gianluca Biggi (Contact Author)

Department of Economics & Management, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy ( email )

Italy

University of Pisa - Responsible Management Research Center (REMARC) ( email )

Elisa Giuliani

University of Pisa ( email )

Lungarno Pacinotti, 43
Pisa PI, 56126
Italy

Arianna Martinelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa ( email )

Biblioteca Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Piazza Martiri della Liberta, n. 33
Pisa, 56127
Italy

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