Experiments and Simulations on Day-to-Day Route Choice-Behaviour

32 Pages Posted: 2 May 2003

See all articles by Reinhard Selten

Reinhard Selten

University of Bonn - Economic Science Area; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Michael Schreckenberg

Gerhard Mercator University - Department of Economics

Thomas Pitz

University of Bonn

Thorsten Chmura

University of Bonn - Faculty of Law & Economics; Nottingham University Business School

Sebastian Kube

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods; University of Bonn

Date Written: April 2003

Abstract

The paper reports laboratory experiments on a day-to-day route choice game with two routes. Subjects had to choose between a main road M and a side road S. The capacity was greater for the main road. 18 subjects participated in each session. In equilibrium the number of subjects is 12 on M and 6 on S. Two treatments with 6 sessions each were run at the Laboratory of Experimental Economics at Bonn University using RatImage. Feedback was given in treatment I only about own travel time and in treatment II on travel time for M and S. Money payoffs increase with decreasing time. The main results are as follows.

1. Mean numbers on M and S are very near to the equilibrium.

2. Fluctuations persist until the end of the sessions in both treatments.

3. Fluctuations are smaller under treatment II. The effect is small but significant.

4. The total number of changes is significantly greater in treatment I.

5. Subjects' road changes and payoffs are negatively correlated in all sessions.

6. A direct response mode reacts with more changes for bad payoffs whereas a contrary response mode shows opposite reactions. Both response modes can be observed.

7. The simulation of an extended payoff sum learning model closely fits the main results of the statistical evaluation of the data.

Keywords: Travel Behaviour Research, Information in Intelligent Transportation Systems, Day-to-day Route Choice, Laboratory Experiments, Payoff Sum Model

JEL Classification: C91, C92, C15, L91, R4

Suggested Citation

Selten, Reinhard and Schreckenberg, Michael and Pitz, Thomas and Chmura, Thorsten and Kube, Sebastian, Experiments and Simulations on Day-to-Day Route Choice-Behaviour (April 2003). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 900. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=393841

Reinhard Selten (Contact Author)

University of Bonn - Economic Science Area ( email )

Adenauerallee 24-42
D-53113 Bonn
Germany
++49-228 73-9190 (Phone)
++49-228 73-9193 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Michael Schreckenberg

Gerhard Mercator University - Department of Economics ( email )

Lotharstr. 1
47048 Duisburg
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.traffic.uni-duisburg.de/member/home_schreck.html

Thomas Pitz

University of Bonn ( email )

BWL 1
Adenauerallee 24-42
Bonn, D-53012
Germany

Thorsten Chmura

University of Bonn - Faculty of Law & Economics ( email )

Postfach 2220
D-53012 Bonn
Germany

Nottingham University Business School

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Sebastian Kube

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

University of Bonn

BWL 1
Adenauerallee 24-42
Bonn, D-53012
Germany

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