What Do We Know About Recent Exchange Rate Models? In-Sample Fit and Out-Sample Performance Evaluated

44 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2003

See all articles by Yin-Wong Cheung

Yin-Wong Cheung

City University of Hong Kong - Department of Economics & Finance; University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics; University of California at Santa Cruz - Department of Economics

Menzie David Chinn

University of Wisconsin, Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs and Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Antonio I. Garcia Pascual

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Western Hemisphere Department; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: April 2003

Abstract

Previous assessments of nominal exchange rate determination have focused upon a narrow set of models typically of the 1970's vintage, including monetary and portfolio balance models. In this paper we re-assess the in-sample fit and out-of-sample prediction of a wider set of models that have been proposed in the last decade, namely interest rate parity, productivitybased models, and "behavioral equilibrium exchange rate" models. These models are compared against a benchmark model, the Dornbusch-Frankel sticky price monetary model. First, the parameter estimates of the models are compared against the theoretically predicted values. Second, we conduct an extensive out-of-sample forecasting exercise, using the last eight years of data to determine whether our in-sample conclusions hold up. We examine model performance at various forecast horizons (1 quarter, 4 quarters, 20 quarters) using differing metrics (mean squared error, direction of change), as well as the "consistency" test of Cheung and Chinn (1998). We find that no model fits the data particularly well, nor does any model consistently out-predict a random walk, even at long horizons. There is little correspondence between how well a model conforms to theoretical priors and how well the model performs in a prediction context. However, we do confirm previous findings that outperformance of a random walk is more likely at long horizons.

Keywords: Exchange Rates, Monetary Model, Productivity, Interest Rate Parity, Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model, Forecasting Performance

JEL Classification: F31, F47

Suggested Citation

Cheung, Yin-Wong and Chinn, Menzie David and Garcia Pascual, Antonio I., What Do We Know About Recent Exchange Rate Models? In-Sample Fit and Out-Sample Performance Evaluated (April 2003). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 902; University of California Santa Cruz: Center for International Economics Working Paper No. 03-13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=393861

Yin-Wong Cheung

City University of Hong Kong - Department of Economics & Finance ( email )

83 Tat Chee Avenue
Kowloon
Hong Kong

University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics ( email )

435 Engineering 2
Santa Cruz, CA 95064
United States
831-459-4247 (Phone)
831-459-5077 (Fax)

University of California at Santa Cruz - Department of Economics ( email )

1156 High Street
Santa Cruz, CA 95064
United States

Menzie David Chinn

University of Wisconsin, Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs and Department of Economics ( email )

1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
United States
608-262-7397 (Phone)
608-262-2033 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Antonio I. Garcia Pascual (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Western Hemisphere Department ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

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