Natural Disasters and Economic Growth: The Role of Banking Market Structure
62 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021 Last revised: 24 Nov 2021
Date Written: October 8, 2021
Following a natural disaster, the rate of economic growth recovers faster in less competitive banking markets. A 10% reduction in competition increases the rate of economic growth by 0.3%. In less competitive markets, banks respond to a disaster by increasing the supply of real estate credit by refinancing mortgage loans but do not lend more to businesses or consumers. Instead, government agencies provide disaster loans to affected businesses and households. Smaller, profitable and well-capitalized institutions that rely more on traditional retail banking originate most mortgage credit.
Keywords: disasters, economic growth, banks
JEL Classification: D4, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation