Career-breaks and Maternal Employment in CEE Countries

CERGE-EI Working Paper Series No. 706

45 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2021

See all articles by Alena Bicakova

Alena Bicakova

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute)

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute)

Date Written: October 1, 2021

Abstract

Post‐birth career breaks and their impact on mothers’ labor market outcomes have received considerable attention in the literature. However, existing evidence comes mostly from Western Europe and the US, where career breaks tend to be short. In contrast, Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, where post‐birth career interruptions by mothers are typically much longer, have rarely been studied. In the first part of this study, we place CEE countries into the EU context by providing key empirical facts related to the labor market outcomes of mothers and the most important factors that may affect them. Besides substantial differences between CEE countries and the rest of the EU, there is also large heterogeneity within CEE itself, which we explore next. In the second part, we review the main family leave and formal childcare policies and reforms that have occurred in CEE countries since the end of Communism and provide a comprehensive survey of the existing scientific evidence of their impact on maternal employment. While research on the causal impacts of these policies is scarce, several important studies have recently been published in high‐impact journals. We are the first to provide an overview of these causal studies from CEE countries, which offer an insightful extension to the existing knowledge from Western Europe and the US.

Suggested Citation

Bicakova, Alena and Kalíšková, Klára, Career-breaks and Maternal Employment in CEE Countries (October 1, 2021). CERGE-EI Working Paper Series No. 706, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3939249 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3939249

Alena Bicakova (Contact Author)

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute) ( email )

P.O. Box 882
7 Politickych veznu
Prague 1, 111 21
Czech Republic

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute) ( email )

P.O. Box 882
7 Politickych veznu
Prague 1, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

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