Regional Governments and Opportunity Entrepreneurship in Underdeveloped Institutional Environments: An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Perspective
Posted: 17 Sep 2022
Date Written: October 8, 2021
The role of regional governments in fostering opportunity entrepreneurship has received increasing attention from both academics and practitioners. Drawing on research on entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE), this study provides a more analytical and holistic account of the supportive role of regional governments in underdeveloped institutional environments and their interactions with other key elements in regional EEs. I propose that in underdeveloped institutional environments, a regional government which is able to perform its core function of delivering public and social services is positively associated with the growth of opportunity entrepreneurship. This effect becomes stronger in regions with more market-based economies, higher education institutions (HEIs), an entrepreneurial culture, and social entrepreneurship. Empirical results based on entrepreneurship data at the provincial level in China between 1993 and 2013 provide strong support for the hypotheses. This study contributes to the literature on EE by providing more systematic evidence from underdeveloped institutional environments, and has policy implications for promoting opportunity entrepreneurship.
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