Syria – A Hybrid War Case Study

Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 2021

23 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2021 Last revised: 20 Oct 2021

See all articles by Sascha Dov Bachmann

Sascha Dov Bachmann

Canberra Law School; NATO SHAPE; Swedish Defence University (FHS)

Meredith Jones


Date Written: October 10, 2021


The purpose of this paper is to apply the concept of hybrid warfare to the Syrian conflict. It is the position of this paper, that Syria is a hybrid war employing all strategies contained within the wider hybrid warfare classification, such as irregular warfare, asymmetric warfare, and compound warfare. The paper first reflects on the concept of hybrid warfare, before attempting to unpack the complexities of the Syrian conflict. The second part then engages in critical analysis of how each of the hybrid warfare strategies is illustrated within this all-encompassing war through the use of various strategies and battlespaces. Ultimately, this paper aims to add valuable academic consideration to the growing body of literature surrounding the Syrian conflict, to highlight that unless consideration is given to Syria as a hybrid war, encompassing several operational strategies and numerous conflicts all contained in a single territory, there will be no successful outcome for this enduring resolution.

Keywords: War, Conflict, Syria, Hybrid War, Urban Warfare, Cyber, Russia, Greyzone

JEL Classification: K33, Y70, Y80, Y90

Suggested Citation

Bachmann, Sascha-Dominik Oliver Vladimir and Jones, Meredith, Syria – A Hybrid War Case Study (October 10, 2021). Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 2021, Available at SSRN:

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Meredith Jones

RMIT ( email )


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